Kukke Subrahmanya is a Hindu temple located in the village of Subramanya. The temple is one of the pristine pilgrimage locations in India. Here Lord Subrahmanya is worshipped as the lord of all serpents. The epics relate that the divine serpent Vasuki and other serpents found refuge under Lord Subrahmanya when threatened by Garuda. Kukke Lapped in the luxurious abundance of the beauty of the nature in the form of rivers, forests and mountains which the temples is surrounded by. People believe this temple to be the ultimate solace for salvation from any sort of naga doshas.
Thousands of devotees come here from far and wide to offer Sarpa Samskara, Nagaprathishta, Ashlesha Bali & other rituals. Subrahmanya is among the seven 'Mukti Sthalas' in Karnataka.
Legend / Sthala Purana
According to ancient lore, the temple has been created at the spot where the king of snakes Vasuki prayed to Lord Shiva and asked him to protect snakes from the wrath of Garuda. Pleased by the penance, Lord Shiva sent Subramanya to protect the snakes and since then he has been worshipped as the protector of snakes.
In the past, Subramanya was known as Kukke Pattana. Sri Shankaracharya camped here for a few days during his religious expedition (Digvijaya). Shankaracharya referred to this place as 'Bhaje Kukke Lingam' in his 'Subrahmanya Bhujangaprayata Stotram'. Sri Subrahmanya kshetra has been brilliantly described in the 'Thirthakshetra Mahimanipurana' chapter of the Sahyadrikhanda comprised in the Sanatkumara Samhita of Skanda Purana.
Temple Architecture, Features & Information
Though the main entrance of the temple faces east, the devotees enter from west through main Gopuram, after taking a holy dip in the Kumara Dhara River.
A Garuda pillar covered with silver is seen here. According to traditions, the pillar was fixed to protect the devotees from the poison flames which gush out from the breath of Vasuki, existing inside the temple.
Skanda Purana narrates, after Karthikeya had slain Tarakasura, Lord Brahma installed the deity of Karttikeya in Subrahmanya Ksetra along with the deity of Vasuki through whom Karttikeya accepts the worship of his devotees. The deity is popularly known as 'Sri Subrahmanya Swamy'.
Other Temples Around Kukke Subrahmanya Temple
Kukkelinga - To the west of inner sanctum there is a cluster of Lingas known as Kukke Lingas. The Lingas were kept in basket.
Kala Bhairava Devaru - The shrine of Lord Bairava is situated at the southern side of the inner sanctum.
Umamaheshwara - This image can be found in the north eastern side of the main sanctum. The images of Soorya, Ambika, Vishnu and Ganapathi are also found here.
Vedavyasa Samputa Narasimha Devaru - Sri Lakshmi Narasimha temple on south-east side.
Ballalaraya Vigraha - This statue of Ballala King can be found while entering the main temple. It is believed that Subrahmanya was once the capital of Ballala King.
Subrahmanya Mutt - A Subrahmanya Mutt belonging to Dwaitha tradition of Madhvacharya.
Sringeri Mutt - This mutt is situated to north east of the main sanctum in the outer quadrangle. Chandramauleshwara is the main deity of this temple.
Hosaligamma - The mother Goddess Hosaligamma’s temple lies to the south of the Subrahmanya temple.
Adi subramanya Temple - 0.25km from main temple. One can see a great Valmika (anthill) in the sanctum.
Kashikatte Ganapathi - It is believed that the idol of Ganapathi found here is very ancient and installed by sage Narada.
Biladwara - The cave where Vasuki lay hiding in this cave in order to escape from Garuda.
Kumaradhara river - It originates from Kumaraparvatha and is a natural charmer.
Darpana Theertha - A tributary of Kumaradhara flows in front of the outer quadrangle of the main temple.
Vanadurga Devi Temple
Kukke Shree Abhaya Mahaganapathi
Kukke-Subrahmanya Temple Images
Kukke Subrahmanya temple street
Gopuram with the background of beautiful Kumaragiri mountains
Transport: KSRTC buses and private taxies are available from Bangalore, Mysore, Hasan and Mangalore
Where to Stay
The Kukke Subramanya Temple administration has constructed several Guest Houses and Choultries that can be booked by the devotees for a stay. Besides these, several privately owned Lodges and Hotels operate out of the Subrahmanya town.
Where to Eat
Anna Santharpane (Annadanam) in the temple, takes place twice a day, Morning - 11:30am to 02.00pm and Evening - 07:30pm to 09:30pm. Apart from that, several small hotels are available to the pilgrims. They mainly serve vegetarian South Indian cuisine.
Festivals / Events
Champashashti Mahothsavam – Karthika Maasam - The Kukke Subramanya Temple Ratha Yatra is celebrated in a grand manner during the month of Karthika Margashira.
Makara Sankranama - January - The Kukke Lingas are taken out of the sanctum and are taken around the town in a procession.
Mesha Sankranama – April - Several Poojas and bhajans are performed for the God on the day
Mahashivaratri – Feb-March -The day is celebrated with great reverence to lord Shiva
Naaga Panchami - The festival is celebrated on the 5th day of the full moon in the month of Shravana (June). The day is dedicated to worshiping of the Nagas or serpents
Worship & Darshan Timings
07.00am to 01.30pm
03.30pm to 08.00pm
01.30pm to 03.30pm Break
Ashlesha Bali - 07:00am & 09:15am
The special Pooja can be performed for Kaalasarpadosha and other problems. The months of Shravana (July - August), Karthika(Nov - Dec) and the Margashira are the most auspicious months to perform the Pooja.
Sarpa Samskara for Kalasarpa Dosha
The Sarpa Samskara Pooja is performed by the people who have Sarpa Dosha in their fortune. The seva requires the devotee to stay for 2 days. and a maximum number of 4 persons can attend the Pooja. The Seva can be performed on all days except Dasami, fasting days like the Ekadasis, Grahan, Shivaratri and during the Temple festival.
Nagaprathishtha – This Pooja is performed for relieving one from the curse of the Sarpa Dosha.
Mahapooja – All the Poojas and rituals of the day are performed for the God on behalf of the devotee’s name.
Panchamritha Abhishekam – The idol of the God is bathed with the five Amrits (Panch Amrit) which are Milk, Ghee, Honey, Curd, and Sugar.
Karthik Pooja – A special Pooja complete with the recital of hymns from the Karthik Purana and Lamp offerings is performed for the God on behalf of the devotee.
Sahasra Namarchana – The Archana is performed for the God by reciting his thousand names and praising him on behalf of the devotee.
Satyanarayana Pooja - The Pooja is performed to attain peace, prosperity, to remove obstacles and to be free from the negative thoughts.
Things to Take Care
The Kukke Subramanya Temple administration requests the male devotees to remove their shirts and vests before entering the Temple premises. Clothes such as Coats, Hats, Turbans, Bermuda and Shorts, and Lungi are not allowed inside the temple. Women should prefer traditional dresses.